Medication Side Effects Information

Pain Relief

Name Examples: Generic (Brand)
• Acetaminophen
• Fentanyl
• Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen (Vicodin, Lortab, Norco)
• Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
• Morphine
• Oxycodone (Percocet, Roxicodone)
• Oxycontin
• Tramadol (Ultram)

Side Effects May Cause: Dizziness, Drowsiness, Constipation, Queasiness, Vomiting, Rash, Confusion

 

Queasiness/Vomiting

Name Examples: Generic (Brand)
• Metoclopramide (Reglan)
• Ondansetron (Zofran)
• Promethazine (Phenergan)
• Scopolamine Patch

Side Effects May Cause:  Headache, Constipation, Fatigue/tiredness, Drowsiness


Heartburn or Reflux

Name Examples: Generic (Brand)
• Calcium Carbonate (Tums)
• Esomeprazole (Nexium)
• Lansoprazole (Prevacid)
• Omeprazole (Prilosec)
• Pantoprazole (Protonix)

Side Effects May Cause:  Headache, Diarrhea

 

Muscle Relaxers

Name Examples: Generic (Brand)
• Cyclobenazaprine (Flexeril)
• Carisoprodol (Soma)
• Baclofen
• Chlorzoxazone (Parafon Forte)
• Diazepam (Valium)
• Metaxalone (Skelaxin)

Side Effects May Cause:
• Dizziness, Drowsiness, tired feeling, Blurred vision, Dry mouth or throat, Nausea, upset stomach, constipation

 

Blood Thinner/Blood Clot Treatment

Name Examples: Generic (Brand)
• Aspirin
• Clopidogrel (Plavix)
• Apixaben (Eliquis)
• Enoxaparin (Lovenox)
• Fondaparinux (Arixtra)
• Heparin
• Rivaroxaban (Xarelto)
• Warfarin (Coumadin)

Side Effects May Cause:  Risk of bleeding, Upset stomach

 

Heart Rhythm Problems

Name Examples: Generic (Brand)
• Amiodarone (Pacerone or Cordarone)
• Digoxin (Digitek or Lanoxin)

Side Effects May Cause:  Dizziness, Headache

 

Lowers Blood Pressure & Heart Rate

Name Examples: Generic (Brand)
• Dilacor XR
• Diltazem (Cardizem), Cartia XT, Tiazac, Beta Blockers
• Atenolol (Tenormin)
• Carvedilol (Coreg)
• Metoprolol (Lopressor), (Toprol XL)

Side Effects May Cause:  Dizziness, Headache, Drowsiness

 

Lowers Blood Pressure

Name Examples: Generic (Brand)
• ACE Inhibitors, Angiotensin Receptor Blockers
• Benzapril, Captopril, Enalapril, Lisinopril, Quinapril, Ramipril
• Candesartan (Atacand)
• Irbesartan (Avapro), Olmesartan (Benicar), Valsartan (Diovan)
• Losartan (Cozaar)

Side Effects May Cause:  Dizziness, Cough

 

Antibiotic Treat Bacterial Infections

Name Examples: Generic (Brand)
• Amoxicillian/Clavulanate (Augmentin)
• Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
• Clindamycin (Levaquin)
• Metronidazole (Flagyl)
• Piperacillian
• Vancomycin (Vancocin)

Side Effects May Cause:  Dizziness, Headache, Drowsiness, Confusion

 

Helps with Inflammation

Name Examples: Generic (Brand)
• Celecoxib (Celebrex)
• Dexamethasone (Decadron)
• Ibuprofen (Motrin)
• Ketorolac (Toradol)
• Meloxicam (Mobic)

Side Effects May Cause:  Upset stomach, Sleeplessness, Risk of bleeding

 

Calms Nerves or Makes You Sleepy

Name Examples: Generic (Brand)
• Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril)
• Diazepam (Valium)
• Haloperidol (Haldol)
• Lorazepam (Ativan)
• Ziprasidone (Geodon)
• Zolpidem (Ambien)

Side Effects May Cause:  Dizziness, Headache, Drowsiness, Confusion

 

 

 

 

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Oklahoma Surgical Hospital